The British pound commonly known as the pound sterling is the official currency of the United Kingdom and its territories. The currency code for British pounds is GBP, also denoted as £. The pound is the oldest currency in the world with sources indicating that it was already in circulation during the Anglo-Saxon period. It has also served as currency in many of the British Empire colonies like Australia, New Zealand, and Canada. It is one of the most actively traded currencies in the world coming only after the U.S. dollar, euro, and Japanese yen in foreign exchange daily volume. The most popular currency combinations that trade in terms of the GBP are the EUR/GBP and the GBP/USD.
The British Pound is among the five major currencies that form the basis for the Special Drawing Rights (XDR), besides the US dollar, the euro, the Chinese renminbi (RMB), and the Japanese yen. The SDR being an international reserve asset makes the British pound to be considered a reserve currency. Among the key considerations, an investor can take into account when evaluating GBP forecasts include; Consumer Price Index (CPI) for a variety of products and services, Brexit, gold prices, and quantitative easing(QE). The Bank of England controls the currency.