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Nikkei 225

Nikkei 225 Index (N225)

The Nikkei 225 index is a stock market index that represents the performance of 225 large publicly-traded companies in Japan. It is considered a key indicator of the Japanese stock market and economy.

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Annual change
All time High / Low
14360 / 42482




Daily price range:

Nikkei 225 Contract Specifications

  • Minimum Spreads, points: 0
  • Contract Size per Lot: 500
  • Swap type: Points
  • Swap Long: -5.5
  • Swap Short: -5.75
  • Margin Group: FX Majors
  • Margin Currency: JPY
  • Tick size: 0
  • Trading Platform: MetaTrader 4
  • Minimum Volume: 0.01
  • Maximum Volume: 0
  • Trading Schedule EET: 00:00 - 23:59 Mon - Fri
  • Hedged Margin: 0
  • Days Swap: FX Wednesday, metals-indices-oil friday

History of Nikkei 225

The Nikkei 225 stock market index was established on May 16, 1949, with a base value of 176.21 yen. It is Japan’s premier stock market index, consisting of 225 blue-chip stocks listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. The Nikkei 225 is a price-weighted index, meaning its components are weighted according to their stock prices, rather than market capitalization.

Over its history, the index has experienced various market trends and fluctuations. It has seen both periods of growth and decline, influenced by global and domestic events such as economic and political conditions, natural disasters, and industry-specific developments.

indices jp225

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Frequently Asked Questions

The name “Nikkei 225” originated from its association with the Nihon Keizai Shimbun newspaper, commonly known as “The Nikkei.” The newspaper has been calculating and publishing the Nikkei 225 index daily since its inception in 1950. The term “Nikkei” in Japanese refers to the people and culture associated with overseas Japanese, and in this context, it signifies the newspaper’s focus on economic news and financial markets.

The Nikkei 225 index, also known as the Nikkei Stock Average, is often referred to simply as the “Nikkei” or “Nikkei index”. Its name reflects its close association with The Nikkei newspaper, which has been instrumental in calculating and disseminating the index data.

You can trade the Nikkei 225 index through various financial instruments and trading platforms. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to trade the Nikkei 225:

  1. Select a Trading Platform or Broker:
    • Choose a reputable online broker or trading platform that offers access to international stock indices, including the Nikkei 225. Ensure the platform provides the tools and features you need for your trading strategy.
  2. Open a Trading Account:
    • Sign up for an account with the selected broker. You will need to provide personal information, financial details, and complete any required verification steps.
  3. Deposit Funds:
    • Fund your trading account with the amount of capital you intend to use for trading the Nikkei 225. Most brokers offer various deposit options, such as bank transfers, credit/debit cards, or electronic payment methods.
  4. Research and Analysis:
    • Before trading, conduct thorough research on the Nikkei 225 index, its components, and the factors that influence its movements. Use fundamental and technical analysis to develop a trading strategy.
  5. Choose Your Trading Instrument:
    • Decide on the financial instrument you want to use to trade the Nikkei 225. The most common options are:
      • Nikkei 225 Futures: These are standardized contracts that allow you to speculate on the future price of the Nikkei 225 index. Futures contracts have expiration dates and can be traded on futures exchanges.
      • Nikkei 225 ETFs: Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) track the performance of the Nikkei 225 index. You can buy and sell Nikkei 225 ETFs just like individual stocks.
      • Contracts for Difference (CFDs): CFDs are derivative instruments that enable you to speculate on the price movements of the Nikkei 225 without owning the underlying asset.
  6. Place Your Trade:
    • Depending on your chosen trading instrument, place your trade through your broker’s trading platform. You can specify whether you want to go long (buy) or go short (sell) based on your market analysis.
  7. Set Stop-Loss and Take-Profit Orders:
    • To manage risk, set stop-loss orders to limit potential losses and take-profit orders to lock in profits at predefined levels.
  8. Monitor Your Trades:
    • Keep an eye on your open positions and the Nikkei 225’s price movements. Stay informed about relevant news and events that may impact the index.
  9. Manage Risk:
    • Continuously assess your risk exposure and adjust your positions as needed. Avoid overleveraging and ensure your risk management strategy aligns with your trading plan.
  10. Close Your Trades:
    • When your trade reaches your predetermined exit points (either your take-profit or stop-loss levels), close the position to realize profits or limit losses.
  11. Review and Learn:
    • After each trade, evaluate your performance and learn from your experiences. Adjust your strategy as needed based on the outcomes of your trades.

Remember that trading the Nikkei 225 or any stock index involves risks, and it’s essential to have a well-defined trading plan and risk management strategy in place. Additionally, make sure you understand the specific trading rules and hours associated with the instrument you choose to trade, as these can vary depending on the trading platform and the type of instrument.

The trading hours for the Nikkei 225 index depend on the exchange or trading platform through which you are trading. Here are the typical trading hours for the Nikkei 225 index on the primary exchanges where it is traded:

  1. Osaka Securities Exchange (OSE):
    • The primary trading session for the Nikkei 225 on the OSE is from 9:00 AM to 11:30 AM Japan Standard Time (JST) for the morning session.
    • After a lunch break from 11:30 AM to 12:30 PM JST, trading resumes for the afternoon session from 12:30 PM to 3:00 PM JST.
    • There is also an evening session for night trading, but it’s not available every day. The evening session typically runs from 5:00 PM to 11:00 PM JST on specific trading days.
  2. Singapore Exchange (SGX):
    • SGX offers Nikkei 225 futures contracts, allowing traders to speculate on the Nikkei 225’s performance.
    • The trading hours for SGX Nikkei 225 futures may follow the trading hours of the Osaka Securities Exchange (OSE) closely, but there can be some differences. It’s essential to check with SGX for the most accurate and up-to-date trading hours.

Please note that these trading hours are in Japan Standard Time (JST). Be mindful of the time zone differences if you are trading the Nikkei 225 from a different location. Additionally, trading hours can be subject to change due to holidays or other factors, so it’s a good practice to verify the current trading hours with your specific trading platform or exchange before placing trades.

Traders employ various strategies when trading the Nikkei 225 index, depending on their trading style, risk tolerance, and market conditions. Here are some popular trading strategies for the Nikkei 225:

  1. Trend Following:
    • Traders using this strategy aim to identify and follow prevailing trends in the Nikkei 225. They may use technical indicators, such as moving averages, trendlines, and momentum oscillators, to confirm and ride the trend.
  2. Swing Trading:
    • Swing traders look for short to medium-term price swings in the Nikkei 225. They aim to capitalize on price fluctuations that occur over several days or weeks. Technical analysis and chart patterns play a significant role in swing trading.
  3. Day Trading:
    • Day traders buy and sell Nikkei 225 contracts within the same trading day. They often rely on technical analysis, intraday charts, and short-term indicators to make quick decisions and profit from intraday price movements.
  4. Volatility Trading:
    • Some traders specialize in trading the Nikkei 225’s volatility. They may use options strategies, such as straddles or strangles, to profit from anticipated price fluctuations and increased market volatility.
  5. Breakout Trading:
    • Breakout traders focus on identifying key support and resistance levels in the Nikkei 225. They enter trades when the index breaks out of these levels, expecting a significant price movement.
  6. Reversal Trading:
    • Reversal traders seek to identify potential reversals in the Nikkei 225’s trend. They look for technical signals or patterns that suggest a trend is about to change direction and then enter positions in anticipation of the reversal.
  7. News-Based Trading:
    • Traders may react to news and events that impact the Japanese economy and the Nikkei 225. Economic releases, corporate earnings reports, and geopolitical developments can influence trading decisions.
  8. Pairs Trading:
    • Pairs traders look for two correlated assets within the Nikkei 225 and take opposite positions in those assets. They profit from the relative performance of the two assets, regardless of the overall market direction.
  9. Statistical Arbitrage:
    • Statistical arbitrage involves using quantitative models and statistical analysis to identify short-term mispricings in Nikkei 225 components. Traders seek to profit from the convergence of these mispriced securities.
  10. Hedging:
    • Investors and traders may use Nikkei 225 futures or options to hedge their portfolios against adverse price movements in the index. This strategy aims to reduce risk rather than generate profits.
  11. Market Sentiment Analysis:
    • Some traders focus on market sentiment indicators, such as news sentiment, social media sentiment, or options market sentiment, to gauge market sentiment and make trading decisions based on crowd behavior.

It’s important to note that no trading strategy is foolproof, and trading the Nikkei 225 or any stock index carries inherent risks. Traders should conduct thorough research, manage risk effectively, and consider their financial goals and risk tolerance when choosing a trading strategy. Additionally, staying updated on the latest news and events that may impact the Nikkei 225 is essential for successful trading.

When trading the Nikkei 225 or any stock market index, there are several important factors and considerations you should keep in mind to make informed trading decisions and manage risk effectively. Here are key factors to consider:

  1. Market Analysis:
    • Technical Analysis: Study price charts, trends, patterns, and technical indicators to identify potential entry and exit points.
    • Fundamental Analysis: Analyze the financial health, economic indicators, and earnings reports of the companies within the Nikkei 225.
    • Sentiment Analysis: Pay attention to market sentiment, news, and events that can influence investor sentiment and market direction.
  2. Risk Management:
    • Set clear stop-loss and take-profit levels to limit potential losses and lock in profits.
    • Determine your position size based on your risk tolerance and the size of your trading account.
    • Use diversification to spread risk by not concentrating your investments in a single stock or sector.
  3. Trading Plan:
    • Develop a well-defined trading plan that includes your trading strategy, risk management rules, and trading goals.
    • Stick to your plan and avoid impulsive decisions driven by emotions.
  4. Market Hours and Liquidity:
    • Be aware of the trading hours for the Nikkei 225 and choose the best times to trade based on your strategy.
    • Consider the liquidity of the market during your chosen trading hours, as higher liquidity typically leads to tighter spreads.
  5. News and Events:
    • Stay informed about economic releases, corporate earnings reports, and geopolitical events that can impact the Nikkei 225 and individual stocks.
    • Be prepared for market volatility around major news events.
  6. Volatility:
    • The Nikkei 225, like other stock market indices, can experience periods of high volatility. Be prepared for price swings and adjust your risk management accordingly.
  7. Currency Exchange Rates:
    • If you’re trading the Nikkei 225 from outside of Japan, be mindful of currency exchange rates, as they can affect your returns when converting profits back to your home currency.
  8. Market Trends and Sentiment:
    • Understand the prevailing market trend and sentiment, as it can influence your trading strategy.
    • Contrarian trading, which involves going against prevailing sentiment, can be a viable strategy but should be executed with caution.
  9. Regulatory Changes:
    • Keep an eye on changes in financial regulations or tax laws that may affect trading or investment practices.
  10. Broker Selection:
    • Choose a reputable and well-regulated broker with competitive fees and a reliable trading platform.
  11. Education and Continuous Learning:
    • Stay updated on trading strategies, techniques, and market developments through books, courses, webinars, and other educational resources.
  12. Psychological Factors:
    • Emotions can significantly impact trading decisions. Develop emotional discipline and be prepared for the psychological challenges of trading.

Remember that trading the Nikkei 225 or any stock market index carries inherent risks, and past performance is not indicative of future results. It’s essential to conduct thorough research, practice sound risk management, and trade with a clear plan and strategy to increase your chances of success while minimizing potential losses. Consider seeking advice from financial professionals or mentors if you’re new to trading.

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