Germany 30

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DAX 30 Chart

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DAX 30

The Deutscher Aktienindex (DAX), also known as GER30 or DAX 30, measures the performance of Prime Standard’s 30 to 40 largest and most liquid German companies. It is considered by many analysts as a benchmark to gauge the health of the German economy.

How is DAX 30 Calculated?

Germany’s blue-chip DAX 30 is calculated using a free-float methodology which means that only the number of readily available shares is taken into account. The index is weighted by market capitalization which allows for the companies ranking higher on the index to have a more significant influence on the overall price. However, the weight of a listed company cannot exceed the value of 10%.

The prices used to calculate the index are obtained from Xetra, an electronic trading system operated by the Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse (FWB), the German Stock Exchange. Since January 1, 2006, Xetra has been measuring the price of DAX 30 every second.

The companies that make up the index are reviewed quarterly. Adidas, Volkswagen, and Bayer are some of the multinational companies included in the DAX 30. The index constituent companies have a global outreach and can influence both the German and global economy.

To be included in the index - especially after the WireCard financial scandal at the end of 2020 - companies must be based in Germany and be listed on the Prime Standard segment of the FSE (Frankfurt Stock Exchange). This segment includes companies which comply with much stricter transparency regulations than those in the General Stander segment.

ger 30 index image


History of the DAX 30

The DAX 30 was founded with a value of 1,000 points, in July 1988. In the beginning, the index consisted of the 30 most important companies on the German stock exchange.

However, on November 24, 2020, Deutsche Börse announced that the index would include 10 additional members.

The expansion is scheduled to take place during the third quarter of 2021 and after the implementation, the index can comprise up to 40 companies.

Historical records of the DAX 30

The DAX 30 is an index that, despite entering the market with only 1,000 points, has gradually increased in price, although, like all stock market indices, it has experienced troughs as well.

The historical chart of the German index may show a general upward trend, but the DAX 30 has also recorded significant lows. Following the dot-com bubble, the Dax 30 fell below 2600 points in 2003. In 2008, in the aftermath of the financial crisis, the index fell below 3700 points.

The COVID 19 pandemic which began to affect the world in 2019 has caused the index to record lows throughout the year while on July 12, 2021 and amid an easing of restrictive measures and a soaring German consumer price index, the Dax 30 reached its highest rise on record climbing at 15,806.90 points.

DAX 30 Companies (as of 13/09/2021):

Bayer (9.99%) Munich Re (3.41%) Deutsche (1.39%)
BASF (9.81%) Volkswagen Group (3.27%) Merck (1.16%)
Siemens (9.09%) BMW (3.17%) Lufthansa (1.06%)
SAP (7.57%) Deutsche Post (2.61%) Heidelberg Cement (1.05%)
Allianz (7.36%) Adidas (2.48%) Infineon Technologies (0.98%)
Daimler (6.65%) RWE (1.9%) Beiersdorf (0.97%)
Deutsche Bank (4.67%) Henkel (1.89%) ThyssenKrupp (0.82%)
Deutsche Telekom (4.02%) Fresenius (1.85%) K + S (0.76%)
Linde (3.91%) Fresenius Medical Care (1.69%) Commerzbank (0.63%)
E.ON (3.80%) Continental (1.46%) Lanxess (0.60%)
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